Abandoning the intellectual strictures of the day, neither Chagall nor Dufy allowed themselves to be constrained by artistic alliance, grouping or manifesto. Their work was instead characterised by flowing composition and colour. Allowing their imaginations to run free with the subjects that most excited them, they created works without rules, governed instead by harmony and freedom. Often working incessantly on variations of the same theme, key places and subjects reoccur within their canvas: Vitebsk and Nice, brides and swimmers. In building their own iconography with the distinctive use of motifs, each artist created a unique language spoken through emotion and imagination.